What is with the bells?
As early as the 15th Century, a bell was used to sound the time onboard a ship. (Time, in those days, was kept with an hourglass.) The bell was rung every half hour of the 4 hour watch. A 24 hour day was divided into six 4 hour watches, except the dog watch (16:00 - 20:00 hours) which could be divided into two 2 hour watches to allow for the taking of the evening meal.
Middle Watch Midnight to 4 AM (0000 - 0400)
Morning Watch 4 AM to 8 AM (0400 - 0800)
Forenoon Watch 8 AM to noon (0800 - 1200)
Afternoon Watch Noon to 4 PM (1200 - 1600)
First Dog Watch 4 PM to 6 PM (1600 - 1800)
Second Dog Watch 6 PM to 8 PM (1800 - 2000)
First Watch 8 PM to Midnight (2000 - 0000)
The bells were struck for every half-hour of each watch, with a maximum of eight bells. For instance, during the Middle Watch you would hear the the following:
00:30 1 bell (1 bell)
01:00 2 bells (2 bells)
01:30 2 bells, pause, 1 bell (3 bells)
02:00 2 bells, pause, 2 bells (4 bells)
02:30 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 1 bell (5 bells)
03:00 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 2 bells (6 bells)
03:30 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 1 bell (7 bells)
04:00 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 2 bells, pause, 2 bells (8 bells)
At eight bells your watch was over!
All other 4 hour watches followed this same procedure except the Dog Watches. At the end of the First Dog Watch, only four bells were struck, and the Second Dog Watch bells were struck like this: 6:30 PM, one bell; 7 PM two bells; 7:30 PM, three bells; and at 8 PM, eight bells.
Since 1915, all U.S. Merchant vessels over 100 gross tons have, by law, divided the crew into three watches, working four hours on and eight hours off, and turning the dog watches into one evening watch.
"Red sky at night - Sailor's delight; Red sky in the morning - Sailor's warning"
Quotes paraphrasing the above are found in the Bible and in Shakespearian plays. Is there any real basis for them?
It appears that there may actually be a metrological basis for them.
Weather generally moves from west to east in the mid-latitudes pushed by the trades. It follows that storms would come from the west. Colors are light rays being split into colors of the spectrum as they bounce off dust particles and water vapor in the atmosphere. The red light is the longer wavelength portion of the spectrum. The shorter wavelengths, blue etc. are absorbed as they move through these particles. Under a high, the air sinks and holds contaminants in higher concentrations near the surface. "Red sky at night", indicates that the high is to the west and is probably approaching. Stable air and clear weather are associated with the approaching high; so "Sailor's delight. "Red sky in the morning" generally means that the high has already passed to the east; and low pressure, with its associated precipitation and poor weather, now approaches from the west. So we have "Sailor's warning".
Hull numbers used between October 31, 1972 and August 1, 1984 are as follows:
1 2 3 = Manufacturer's Code
4 5 = Model Number
6 7 8 = Hull Number
9 10 11 12 = Date of Manufacture ( 9 10 Month, 11 12 Year)
9 = M
10 11 = Model Year
12 = Month of Manufacture; A = August B = September
TSP = Tillotson/Pearson
90 = Model 90
014 = Hull #14
M83B = Model Year, Construction began 1982, Code B = September
Hull Numbers used after August 1, 1984 are as follows:
1 2 3 = Manufacturer's Code
4 5 6 7 8 = Manufacturer's Hull Number
9 10 = Date of Certification or Manufacture (9 is Letter for Month; A =
January, 10 is Last Digit of Year)
11 12 = Model Year
PYZ = Present Yachts, Inc.
40012 = Hull Serial Number
L5 = December 1985 Date of Certification or Manufacture
86 = 1986 Model Year